Welcome to Croatia

The Culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Welcome

to Croatia

Country

 

Medulin

Banjole

Pula

 

Trogir

Sukošan

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The history and culture of

Croatia go back 3.000 years:

Illyria was the ancient North-

Western region of today's Balkan

Peninsula, inhabited by tribes of

Indo-European Illyrians since

the 10th century BC.

 

After Celts, Macedonians and

Greeks, the Romans defeat the

Illyrians in 168 bC and establish

the Province of Illyricum: in 395

the Roman Empire is divided and

the land east of the Drina River

falls under under Byzantine rule

- indeed a crucial event.

 

Then Illyria has to suffer several

devastations by Visigoths, Huns

and Ostrogoths.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Slavs come 6-8th centuries

assimilating the Illyrian tribes in

what is now Slovenia, Croatia,

Bosnia and Herzegovina and

Serbia.

 

This to understand two aspects

of the country: the impact from

so different cultures (Hungarian,

Islamic and Venetian included)

and the need of a strong national

identity.

 

Croatia stands for one and a half

millennium on the very border,

between Western and Eastern

Roman Empire, Frankish and

Byzantine Empires, Catholicism

and Orthodoxy, Christianity and

Islam, Capitalism and

Communism.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia as a meeting point and

intersection of very different

cultures and civilizations is stage

of many artistic tendencies and

often opposite currents,

exceptionally original works of

art and interesting syntheses.

 

The Classic Antiquity of the

Anfitheatre in Pula, the

Diocletian's Palace and the

remains of Salona in Split,

Romanesque, Renaissance in

the South and Baroque in the

North, such a small country is a

surprisingly rich anthology of

art, architecture and urban

culture at the highest level still

too little known in Europe and

wordwide.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UNESCO's World Heritage List

includes cultural and natural

heritage of Croatia.

 

Three architectural complexes

and two Croatian towns:

Diocletian's Palace in Split 1979,

the Basilica of St. Euphrasius in

Poreč 1979, the Cathedral of St.

James in Šibenik 2000, the old

Cities of Dubrovnik 1979 and

Trogir 1997.

 

Two natural monuments: the

cascade of the 16 lakes and

waterfalls in the Plitvice

National Park 1979 and the

Primošten Vineyards 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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